Journal Publications

The following is a complete list of journal publications from the Lightwave Research Laboratory and previous papers by Keren Bergman.

2017

Vidak Vujicic, Aravind P. Anthur, Alexander Gazman, Colm Browning, M. Deseada Gutierrez Pascual, Ziyi Zhu, Keren Bergman, and Liam P. Barry, "Software-Defined Silicon-Photonics-Based Metro Node for Spatial and Wavelength Superchannel Switching," OSA Journal of Optical Communiactions and Networking (Apr 2017).

M. Fiorani, P. Samadi, Y. Shen, L. Wosinska, K. Bergman, "Flexible Network Architecture and Provisioning Strategy for Geographically Distributed Metro Data Centers," Journal of Communications and Networking (JOCN) (2017).

S. Rumley, M. Bahadori, R. Polster, S. D. Hammond,D. M. Calhoun, K. Wen, A. Rodrigues, K. Bergman, "Optical interconnects for extreme scale computing systems," Parallel Computing 0 (Feb 8, 2017).

Y. Huang, C. Gutterman, P. Samadi, P. Cho, W. Samoud, C. Ware, M. Lourdiane, G. Zussman, K. Bergman, "Dynamic mitigation of EDFA power excursions with machine learning," Optics Express (Jan 2017).

P. Samadi, M. Fiorani, Y. Shen, L. Wosinska, K. Bergman, "Flexible Architecture and Autonomous Control Plane for Metro-scale Geographically Distributed Data Centers [Invited]," IEEE Journal of Lightwave Technology (JLT) (Jan 2017).

A. Gazman, C. Browning, M. Bahadori, Z. Zhu, P. Samadi, S. Rumley, V. Vujicic, L. P. Barry, K. Bergman, "Software-defined control-plane for wavelength selective unicast and multicast of optical data in a silicon photonic platform," Optics Express (Jan 2017).

D. Nikolova, D. M. Calhoun, Y. Liu, S. Rumley, A. Novack, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, K. Bergman, "Modular architecture for fully non-blocking silicon photonic switch fabric," Nature Microsystems & Nanoengineering 3 (1607) (Jan 2017).

2016

M. Bahadori, S. Rumley, H. Jayatilleka, K. Murray, N. A. F. Jaeger, L. Chrostowski, S. Shekhar, K. Bergman, "Crosstalk Penalty in Microring-Based Silicon Photonic Interconnect Systems," Journal of Lightwave Technology 34 (17) (Jul 2016).

J. M. Rothenberg, C. P. Chen, J. J. Ackert, J. I. Dadap, A. P. Knights, K. Bergman, R. M. Osgood, Jr., R. R. Grote, "Experimental demonstration of coherent perfect absorption in a silicon photonic racetrack resonator," OSA Optics Letters 41 (11) 2537-2540 (Jun 2016).

P. Samadi, K. Wen, J. Xu, K. Bergman, "Software-defined optical network for metro-scale geographically distributed data centers," Optics Express 24 (11) (May 2016).

K. Bergman, J. Shalf, T.Hausken, "Optical Interconnects and Extreme Computing ," Optics & Photonics 27 32-39 (Apr 19, 2016).

M. Bhopalwala, H. Rastegarfar, D. C. Kilper, M. Wang, K. Bergman, "Energy efficiency of optical grooming of QAM optical transmission channels," Opt. Express 24 (3) (Feb 2016).

2015

C. P. Chen, X. Zhu, Y. Liu, K. Wen, M. S. Chik, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, K. Bergman, "Programmable Dynamically-Controlled Silicon Photonic Switch Fabric [invited]," IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology 34 (12) 2952-2958 (Dec 2015).

M. Bahadori, S. Rumley, D. Nikolova, K. Bergman, "Comprehensive Design Space Exploration of Silicon Photonic Interconnects," IEEE Journal of Lightwave Technology 34 (12) 2975-2987 (Nov 2015).

Q. Li, D. Nikolova, D. M. Calhoun, Y. Liu, R. Ding, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, K. Bergman, "Single Microring-Based 2x2 Silicon Photonic Crossbar Switches," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 27 (18) (Sep 2015).

A. S. Ahsan, C. Browning, M. S. Wang, K. Bergman, D. C. Kilper, L. P. Barry, "Excursion-Free Dynamic Wavelength Switching in Amplified Optical Networks," Journal of Optical Communications and Networking 7 (9) 898-905 (Aug 2015).

P. Samadi, V. Gupta, J. Xu, H. Wang, G. Zussman, K. Bergman, "Optical multicast system for data center networks," Optics Express 23 (17) 22162-22180 (Aug 2015).

Q. Li, R. Ding, Y. Liu, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, K. Bergman, "High-Speed BPSK Modulation in Silicon," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 27 (12) 1329-1332 (Jun 2015).

Y. Ma, Y. Liu, H. Guan, A. Gazman, Q. Li, R. Ding, Y. Li, K. Bergman, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, "Symmetrical polarization splitter/rotator design and application in a polarization insensitive WDM receiver," Optics Express 23 (12) 16052-16062 (Jun 2015).

B. Stern, X. Zhu, C. P. Chen, L. D. Tzuang, J. Cardenas, K. Bergman, M. Lipson, "On-chip mode-division multiplexing switch," Optica 2 (6) (Jun 2015).

H. Guan, Q. Fang, G.-Q. Lo, K. Bergman, "High-Efficiency Biwavelength Polarization Splitter-Rotator on the SOI Platform," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 27 (5) (Mar 2015).

Y. Zhang, S. Yang, X. Zhu, Q. Li, H. Guan, P. Magill, K. Bergman, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, "Quantum dot SOA/silicon external cavity multiwavelength laser," Optics Express 23 (4) 228970 (Feb 2015).

S. Rumley, D. Nikolova, R. Hendry, Q. Li, D. M. Calhoun, K. Bergman, "Silicon Photonics for Exascale Systems [Invited Tutorial]," Journal of Lightwave Technology 33 (4) (Feb 2015).

S. Yang, Y. Zhang, Q. Li, X. Zhu, K. Bergman, P. Magill, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, "Quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier/silicon external cavity laser for O-band high-speed optical communications," Optical Engineering 54 (2) 026102 (Feb 2015).

D. Nikolova, S. Rumley, D. M. Calhoun, Q. Li, R. Hendry, P. Samadi, K. Bergman, "Scaling silicon photonic switch fabrics for data center interconnection networks," Optics Express 23 (2) pp.1159-1175 (2015).

C. P. Chen, J. B. Driscoll, R. R. Grote, B. Souhan, R. M. Osgood, Jr., K. Bergman , "Mode and Polarization Multiplexing in a Si Photonic Chip at 40Gb/s Aggregate Data Bandwidth," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 27 (1) 22-25 (Jan 2015).

2014

B. Birand, H. Wang, K. Bergman, D. Kilper, T. Nandagopal, G. Zussman, "Real-time power control for dynamic optical networks - algorithms and experimentation," IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, Special Issue on Energy Efficiency in Optical Networks (2014).

Z. Xuan, Y. Ma, Y. Liu, R. Ding, Y. Li, N. Ophir, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, P. Magill, K. Bergman, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, "Silicon microring modulator for 40 Gb/s NRZ-OOK metro networks in O-band," Optics Express 22 (23) (Nov 2014).

B. Souhan, R. R. Grote, C. P. Chen, H.-C. Huang, J. B. Driscoll, M. Lu, A. Stein, H. Bakhru, K. Bergman, W. M. J. Green, R. M. Osgood Jr., "Si+ -implanted Si-wire waveguide photodetectors for the mid-infrared ," Optics Express 22 (22) (Oct 2014).

Q. Li, Y. Liu, K. Padmaraju, R. Ding, D. F. Logan, J. J. Ackert, A. P. Knights, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, K. Bergman, "A 10-Gb/s Silicon Microring Resonator-Based BPSK Link," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 26 (18) (Sep 2014).

X. Zhu, K. Padmaraju, L. W. Luo, S. Yang, M. Glick, R. Dutt, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, "Fast Wavelength Locking of a Microring Resonator," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 26 (23) 2365-2368 (Sep 2014).

D. Kilper, K. Bergman, V. W. S. Chen, I. Monga, G. Porter, and K. Rauschenbach, "Optical Networks Come of Age," OSA Optics and Photonics News 50-57 (Sep 2014).

J. B. Driscoll, C. P. Chen, R. R. Grote, B. Souhan, J. L. Dadap, A. Stein, M. Lu, K. Bergman, R. M. Osgood, Jr., "A 60 Gb/s MDM-WDM Si photonic link with < 0.7 dB power penalty per channel," Optics Express 22 (15) (Jul 2014).

Y, Yang, C. Galland, Y. Liu, K. Tan, R. Ding, Q. Li, K. Bergman, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, "Experimental demonstration of broadband Lorentz non-reciprocity in an integrable photonic architecture based on Mach-Zehnder modulators," Optics Express 22 (14) (Jul 2014).

K. Padmaraju, X. Zhu, L. Chen, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, "Intermodulation Crosstalk Characteristics of WDM Silicon Microring Modulators," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 26 (14) 1478-1481 (Jul 2014).

Y. Liu, R. Ding, Y. Ma, Y. Yang, Z. Xuan, Q. Li, A. E. Lim, G. Q. Lo, K. Bergman, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, "Silicon Mod-MUX-Ring transmitter with 4 channels at 40 Gb/s," Optics Express 22 (13) (Jul 2014).

R. R. Grote, B. Souhan, N. Ophir, J. B. Driscoll, K. Bergman, H. Bakhru, W. M. J. Green, R. M. Osgood, Jr. , "Extrinsic Photodiodes for Integrated Mid-Infrared Silicon Photonics," (Jun 2014).

R. Ding, Y. Liu, Y. Ma, Y. Yang, Q. Li, A. E. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, K. Bergman, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, "High-Speed Silicon Modulator With Slow-Wave Electrodes and Fully Independent Differential Drive," IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology 32 (12) (Jun 2014).

R. Ding, Y. Liu, Q. Li, Y. Yang, Y. Ma, K. Padmaraju, A. E. Lim, G. Q. Lo, K. Bergman, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, "Design and characterization of a 30-GHz bandwidth low-power silicon traveling-wave modulator," Optics Communications 321 124-133 (Jun 2014).

R. Ding, Y. Liu, Q. Li, Z. Xuan, Y. Ma, Y. Yang. A. Eu-Jin Lim, G.-Q. Lo. K. Bergman, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, "A Compact Low-Power 320-Gb/s WDM Transmitter Based on Silicon Microrings," IEEE Photonics Journal 6 (3) (Jun 2014).

Y. Zhang, S. Yang, Y. Yang, M. Gould, N. Ophir, A. Eu-Jin Lim, G. Lo, P. Magill, K. Bergman, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, "A high-responsivity photodetector absent metal- germanium direct contact ," Optics Express 22 (9) 11367-11375 (May 2014).

K. Padmaraju, D. F. Logan, T. Shiraishi, J. J. Ackert, A. P. Knights, K. Bergman, "Wavelength Locking and Thermally Stabilizing Microring Resonators using Dithering Signals," Journal of Lightwave Technology 32 (3) (Feb 2014).

L. W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrieli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergman, M. Lipson, "WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip," Nature Communications 5 (3069) (Jan 2014).

2013

B. Souhan, C. P. Chen, R. R. Grote, J. B. Driscoll, N. Ophir, K. Bergman, R. M. Osgood, Jr., "Error-Free Operation of an All-Silicon Waveguide Photodiode at 1.9 um," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 25 (21) 2031-2034 (Nov 2013).

B. G. Bathula, R. K. Sinha, A. L. Chiu, M. D. Feuer, G. Li, S. L. Woodward, W. Zhang, R. Doverspike, P. Magill, K. Bergman, "Constraint Routing and Regenerator Site Concentration in ROADM Networks," Journal of Optical Communications and Networking 5 (11) 1202-1214 (Oct 2013).

K. Padmaraju, K. Bergman, "Resolving the thermal challenges for silicon microring resonator devices [invited]," Nanophotonics 2 (4) (Sep 2013).

Q. Li, S. Rumley, M. Glick, J. Chan, H. Wang, K. Bergman, R. Dutt , "Scaling Star-Coupler-Based Optical Networks for Avionics Applications," Journal of Optical Communications and Networking 5 (9) (Sep 2013).

H. Wang, Y. Xia, K. Bergman, T.S.E. Ng, S. Sahu, K. Sripanidkulchai, "Rethinking the Physical Layer of Data Center Networks of the Next Decade: Using Optics to Enable Efficient *-Cast Connectivity," ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review 43 (3) (Jul 2013).

K. Padmaraju, D. F. Logan, X. Zhu, J. J. Ackert, A. P. Knights, K. Bergman, "Integrated thermal stabilization of a microring modulator," Optics Express 21 (12) 14342-14350 (Jun 2013).

C. P. Lai, D. Brunina, B. W. Buckley, C. Ware, W. Zhang, A. S. Garg, B. Jalali, K. Bergman, "First Demonstration of a Cross-Layer Enabled Network Node," IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology 31 (9) 1512-1525 (May 2013).

D. Brunina, D. Liu, K. Bergman, "An Energy-Efficient Optically Connected Memory Module for Hybrid Packet- and Circuit-Switched Optical Networks," IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 19 (2) (Apr 2013).

F. Fidler, P. J. Winzer, M. K. Thottan, K. Bergman, "Impairment-Aware Optical Networking Using Cross-Layer Communication," Journal of Optical Communication Networks 5 (2) 144-158 (Feb 2013).

N. Ophir, C. Mineo, D. Mountain, K. Bergman, "Silicon Photonic Microring Links for High-Bandwidth-Density, Low-Power Chip I/O [invited]," IEEE Micro 33 (1) 54-67 (Feb 2013).

O. Pedrola, D. Careglio, M. Klinkowski, L. Velasco, K. Bergman and J. Sole-Pareta, "Metaheuristic Hybridizations for the Regenerator Placement and Dimensioning problem in sub-wavelength switching optical networks," Elsevier Journal of Operational Research 224 614-624 (Feb 2013).

O. Pedrola, D. Careglio, M. Klinkowski, J. Sole-Pareta, K. Bergman, "Cost Feasibility Analysis of Translucent Optical Networks With Shared Wavelength Converters," Journal of Optical Communications and Networking 5 (2) 104-115 (Jan 2013).

R. R. Grote, K. Padmaraju, B. Souhan, J. B. Driscoll, K. Bergman, R. M. Osgood, "10 Gb/s Error-Free Operation of All-Silicon Ion-Implanted-Waveguide Photodiodes at 1.55 um," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 25 (1) 67-70 (Jan 2013).

2012

K. Padmaraju, J. Chan, L. Chen, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, "Thermal stabilization of a microring modulator using feedback control," Optics Express 20 (27) 27999-28008 (Dec 2012).

D. Brunina, C. P. Lai, D. Liu, A. S. Garg, K. Bergman, "Resilient Optically Connected Memory Systems Using Dynamic Bit-Steering [invited]," Journal of Optical Communications and Networking 4 (11) B150-B161 (Oct 2012).

C. P. Lai, F. Fidler, P. J. Winzer, M. K. Thottan, K. Bergman, "Cross-Layer Proactive Packet Protection Switching," Journal of Optical Communications and Networking 4 (10) 847-857 (Sep 2012).

X. Zhu, Q. Li, J. Chan, A. Ahsan, H. L. R. Lira, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, "4x44 Gb/s Packet-Level Switching in a Second-Order Microring Switch," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 24 (17) 1555 - 1557 (Sep 1, 2012).

L. Xu, Q. Li, N. Ophir, K. Padmaraju, L. Luo, L. Chen, M. Lipson, K. Bergman , "Colorless Optical Network Unit Based on SIlicon Photonic Components for WDM PON," 24 (16) 1372-1374 (Aug 15, 2012).

W. Zhang, H. Wang, K. Bergman, "Next-Generation Optically-Interconnected High-Performance Data Centers [invited]," Journal of Lightwave Technology 30 (24) 3836-3844 (Aug 2012).

C. P. Lai, K. Bergman, "Broadband Multicasting for Wavelength-Striped Optical Packets," Journal of Lightwave Technology 30 (11) 1706-1718 (Jun 2012).

W. Zhang, L. Xu, Q. Li, H. Lira, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, "Broadband Silicon Photonic Packet-Switching Node for Large-Scale Computing Systems," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 24 (8) 688 - 690 (Apr 2012).

J. B. Driscoll, N. Ophir, R. R. Grote, J. I. Dadap, N. C. Panoiu, K. Bergman, R. M. Osgood Jr., "Width-modulation of Si photonic wires for quasi-phase-matching of four-wave-mixing: experimental and theoretical demonstration," Optics Express 20 (8) 9227-9242 (Apr 2012).

K. Padmaraju, N. Ophir, Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, S. Manipatruni, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, "Error-free transmission of microring-modulated BPSK," Optics Express 20 (8) 8681-8688 (Mar 2012).

A. Biberman, K. Bergman, "Optical interconnection networks for high-performance computing systems [invited]," Reports on Progress in Physics 75 (4) (Mar 2012).

N. Ophir, R. K. W. Lau, M. Menard, X. Zhu, K. Padmaraju, Y. Okawachi, R. Salem, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, K. Bergman, "Wavelength conversion and unicast of 10-Gb/s data spanning up to 700 nm using a silicon nanowaveguide," Optics Express 20 (6) 6488-6495 (Mar 2012).

D. Brunina, C. P. Lai, K. Bergman, "A Data Rate- and Modulation Format-Independent Packet-Switched Optical Network Test-Bed," Photonics Technology Letters 24 (5) 377-379 (Mar 2012).

J. Chan, K. Bergman, "Photonic Interconnection Network Architectures using Wavelength-Selective Spatial Routing for Chip-Scale Communications," Journal of Optical Communications and Networking 4 (3) 189-201 (Mar 2012).

N. Ophir, R. K. W. Lau, M. Menard, R. Salem, K. Padmaraju, Y. Okawachi, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, K. Bergman, "First Demonstration of a 10-Gb/s RZ End-to-End Four-Wave-Mixing Based Link at 1884 nm Using Silicon Nanowaveguides," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 24 (4) 276-278 (Feb 2012).

Y. Okawachi, O. Kuzucu, M. A. Foster, R. Salem, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. Biberman, N. Ophir, K. Bergman, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, "Characterization of Nonlinear Optical Crosstalk in Silicon Nanowaveguides," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 24 (3) 185-187 (Feb 2012).

2011

L. Xu, W. Zhang, Q. Li, J. Chan, H. L. R. Lira, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, "40-Gb/s DPSK Data Transmission Through a Silicon Microring Switch," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 24 (6) 473 - 475 (Dec 2011).

L. Xu, W. Zhang, H. L. R. Lira, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, "A hybrid optical packet and wavelength selective switching platform for high-performance data center networks," Optics Express 19 (24) 24258-24267 (Nov 2011).

C. P. Lai, D. Brunina, C. Ware, B. G. Bathula, K. Bergman, "Demonstration of Failure Reconfiguration via Cross-Layer Enabled Optical Switching Fabrics," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 23 (22) 1679-1681 (Nov 2011).

J. Chan, G. Hendry, K. Bergman, L. P. Carloni, "Physical-Layer Modeling and System-Level Design of Chip-Scale Photonic Interconnection Networks," IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems 30 (10) 1507-1520 (Oct 2011).

L. Xu, J. Chan, A. Biberman, H. L. R. Lira, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, "DPSK Transmission Through Silicon Microring Switch for Photonic Interconnection Networks," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 23 (16) 1103-1105 (Aug 2011).

C. P. Lai, J. Yang, A. S. Garg, M. S. Wang, M. R. Chitgarha, A. E. Willner, K. Bergman, "Experimental demonstration of packet-rate 10-Gb/s OOK OSNR monitoring for QoS-aware cross-layer packet protection," Optics Express 19 (16) 14871-14882 (Aug 2011).

D. Brunina, C. P. Lai, A. S. Garg, K. Bergman, "Building Data Centers With Optically Connected Memory," Journal of Optical Communications and Networking 3 (8) A40-A48 (Aug 2011).

L. Xu, K. Padmaraju, L. Chen, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, "10-Gb/s Access Network Architecture Based on Micro-Ring Modulators With Colorless ONU and Mitigated Rayleigh Backscattering," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 23 (13) (Jul 2011).

L. Xu, N. Ophir, M. Menard, R. K. W. Lau, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, K. Bergman, "Simultaneous Wavelength Conversion of ASK and DPSK Signals based on Four-Wave-Mixing in Dispersion Engineered Silicon Waveguides," Optics Express 19 (13) (Jun 2011).

A. Biberman, K. Preston, G. Hendry, N. Sherwood-Droz, J. Chan, J. S. Levy, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, "Photonic Network-on-Chip Architectures Using Multilayer Deposited Silicon Materials for High-Performance Chip Multiprocessors," ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems 7 (2) 7:1-7:25 (Jun 2011).

G. Hendry, E. Robinson, V. Gleyzer, J. Chan, L. P. Carloni, N. Bliss, K. Bergman, "Time-division-multiplexed arbitration in silicon nanophotonic networks-on-chip for high-performance chip multiprocessors ," Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing 71 (5) 641-650 (May 2011).

A. Biberman, H. L. R. Lira, K. Padmaraju, N. Ophir, J. Chan, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, "Broadband Silicon Photonic Electrooptic Switch for Photonic Interconnection Networks," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 23 (8) 504-506 (Apr 15, 2011).

N. Ophir, J. Chan, K. Padmaraju, A. Biberman, A. C. Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, K. Bergman, "Continuous Wavelength Conversion of 40-Gb/s Data Over 100 nm Using a Dispersion-Engineered Silicon Waveguide," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 23 (2) 73-75 (Jan 2011).

2010

C. P. Lai, K. Bergman, "Implementing an Optical QoS Encoding Scheme in an Optical Packet Switching Fabric Test-Bed," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 22 (20) 1518-1520 (Oct 15, 2010).

C. P. Lai, A. Shacham, K. Bergman, "Demonstration of Asynchronous Operation of a Multiwavelength Optical Packet-Switched Fabric," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 22 (16) 1223-1225 (Aug 15, 2010).

A. Biberman, B. G. Lee, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, K. Bergman, "Wavelength multicasting in silicon photonic nanowires," Optics Express 18 (17) 18047-18055 (Aug 2010).

A. Biberman, S. Manipatruni, N. Ophir, L. Chen, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, "First demonstration of long-haul transmission using silicon microring modulators," Optics Express 18 (15) 15544-15552 (Jul 2010).

A. Biberman, B. G. Lee, N. Sherwood-Droz, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, "Broadband Operation of Nanophotonic Router for Silicon Photonic Networks-on-Chip," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 22 (12) 926-928 (Jun 15, 2010).

J. Chan, G. Hendry, A. Biberman, and K. Bergman, "Architectural Exploration of Chip-Scale Photonic Interconnection Network Designs Using Physical-Layer Analysis," Journal of Lightwave Technology 28 (9) 1305-1315 (May 1, 2010).

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, J. Chan, K. Bergman, "High-Performance Modulators and Switches for Silicon Photonic Networks-on-Chip [invited]," IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 16 (1) 6-22 (Feb 2010).

2009

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, N. Sherwood-Droz, C. B. Poitras, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, "High-Speed 2x2 Switch for Multiwavelength Silicon-Photonic Networks-On-Chip," Journal of Lightwave Technology 27 (14) 2900-2907 (Jul 15, 2009).

M. Petracca, B. G. Lee, K. Bergman, L. P. Carloni, "Photonic NoCs: System-Level Design Exploration," IEEE Micro 29 (4) 74-85 (Jul 2009).

O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, H. Wang, A. S. Garg, K. Bergman, "Low-power, transparent optical network interface for high bandwidth off-chip interconnects," Optics Express 17 (8) 6550-6561 (Apr 13, 2009).

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, "An Experimental Validation of a Wavelength-Striped, Packet Switched, Optical Interconnection Network," Journal of Lightwave Technology 27 (7) 841-850 (Apr 1, 2009).

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, K. Bergman, "Demonstration of Broadband Wavelength Conversion at 40 Gb/s in Silicon Waveguides," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 21 (3) 182-184 (Feb 1, 2009).

2008

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, L.P. Carloni, "Photonic Networks-on-Chip for Future Generations of Chip Multi-Processors," IEEE Transactions on Computers 57 (9) 1246-1260 (Sep 2008).

N. Sherwood-Droz, H. Wang, L. Chen, B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, K. Bergman, M. Lipson, "Optical 44 Hitless Silicon Router for Optical Networks-on-Chip (NoC)," Optics Express 16 (20) 15915-15922 (Sep 2008).

O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, A. Shacham, B. A. Small, B. G. Lee, H. Wang, C. P. Lai, A. Biberman, K. Bergman, "The Data Vortex Optical Packet Switched Interconnection Network," Journal of Lightwave Technology 26 (13) 1777-1789 (Jul 1, 2008).

C. P. Lai, H. Wang, K. Bergman, "Cross-Layer Communication With an Optical Packet Switched Network via a Message Injection Control Interface," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 20 (12) 967-969 (Jun 15, 2008).

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, Jr., K. Bergman, "Ultrahigh-Bandwidth Silicon Photonic Nanowire Waveguides for On-Chip Networks," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 20 (6) 398-400 (May 15, 2008).

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, "All-Optical Comb Switch for Multiwavelength Message Routing in Silicon Photonic Networks," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 20 (10) 767-769 (May 15, 2008).

2007

O. Liboiron-Ladouceur and K. Bergman, "Optimization of a Switching Node for Optical Multistage Interconnection Networks," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 19 (20) 1658-1660 (Oct 15, 2007).

C. Hawkins, D. S. Wills, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, K. Bergman, "Hierarchical Clustering of the Data Vortex Optical Interconnection Network," Journal of Optical Networking 6 (9) 1179-1190 (Sep 2007).

B. G. Lee, C. P. Lai, J. D. Foster, B. A. Small, K. Bergman, "Gain Uniformity Optimization of SOA-based Optical Packet Switching Nodes for Performance and Scalability Improvements," Journal of Optical Networking 6 (9) 1055-1063 (Sep 2007).

A. Shacham and K. Bergman, "Building Ultralow-Latency Interconnection Networks Using Photonic Integration," IEEE Micro 27 (4) 6-20 (Jul 2007).

A. Shacham and K. Bergman, "On Contention Resolution in the Data Vortex Optical Interconnection Network," Journal of Optical Networking 6 (6) 777-788 (Jun 2007).

B. G. Lee, B. A. Small, Q. Xu, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, "Characterization of a 44 Gb/s Parallel Electronic Bus to WDM Optical Link Silicon Photonic Translator," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 19 (7) 456-458 (Apr 1, 2007).

A. Shacham and K. Bergman, "Optimizing the Performance of a Data Vortex Interconnection Network," Journal of Optical Networking 6 (4) 369-374 (Apr 2007).

B. A. Small, A. Shacham, K. Bergman, "A Modular, Scalable, Extensible, and Transparent Optical Packet Buffer," Journal of Lightwave Technology 25 (4) 978-985 (Apr 2007).

C. Hawkins, B. A. Small, D. S. Wills, K. Bergman, "The Data Vortex, an All Optical Path Multicomputer Interconnection Network," IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems 18 (3) 409-420 (Mar 2007).

B. A. Small, B. G. Lee, K. Bergman, Q. Xu, M. Lipson, "Multiple-Wavelength Integrated Photonic Networks Based on Microring Resonator Devices," Journal of Optical Networking 6 (2) 112-120 (Feb 2007).

2006

O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, K. Bergman, M. Boroditsky, M. Brodsky, "Polarization-Dependent Gain in SOA-Based Optical Multistage Interconnection Networks," Journal of Lightwave Technology 24 (11) 3959-3967 (Nov 2006).

B. A. Small, B. G. Lee, K. Bergman, "Empirical Method for Determining SOA Gain Based on ASE Characterization," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 18 (21) 2224-2226 (Nov 1, 2006).

B. A. Small, B. G. Lee, K. Bergman, "On Cascades of Resonators for High-Bandwidth Integrated Optical Interconnection Networks," Optics Express 14 (22) 10811-10818 (Oct 30, 2006).

B. G. Lee, B. A. Small, K. Bergman, Q. Xu, M. Lipson, "Transmission of High-Data-Rate Optical Signals Through a Micrometer-Scale Silicon Ring Resonator," Optics Letters 31 (18) 2701-2703 (Sep 15, 2006).

B. A. Small, B. G. Lee, K. Bergman, "Flexibility of Optical Packet Format in a Complete 1212 Data Vortex Network," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 18 (16) 1693-1695 (Aug 15, 2006).

O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, K. Bergman, M. Boroditsky, M. Brodsky, "Impact of Cumulative Polarization-Dependent Gain on SOA-Based Optical Packet Switching Networks," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 18 (14) 1548-1550 (Jul 15, 2006).

O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, C. Gray, D. C. Keezer, K. Bergman, "Bit-Parallel Message Exchange and Data Recovery in Optical Packet Switched Interconnection Networks," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 18 (6) 779-781 (Mar 15, 2006).

O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, B. A. Small, K. Bergman, "Physical Layer Scalability of WDM Optical Packet Interconnection Networks," Journal of Lightwave Technology 24 (1) 262-270 (Jan 2006).

B. A. Small and K. Bergman, "Optimization of Multiple-Stage Optical Interconnection Networks," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 18 (1) 238-240 (Jan 1, 2006).

2005

A. Shacham, B. G. Lee, K. Bergman, "A Wideband, Non-Blocking, 2x2 Switching Node for a SPINet Network," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 17 (12) 2742-2744 (Dec 2005).

A. Shacham, B. A. Small, K. Bergman, "A Wideband Photonic Packet Injection Control Module for Optical Packet Switching Routers," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 17 (12) 2778-2780 (Dec 2005).

B. A. Small, T. Kato, K. Bergman, "Measurements of Very Low Bit-Error Rates for an Optical Packet Switching Node," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 17 (11) 2379-2381 (Nov 2005).

B. A. Small, T. Kato, K. Bergman, "Dynamic Power Considerations in a Complete 12x12 Optical Packet Switching Fabric," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 17 (11) 2472-2474 (Nov 2005).

B. A. Small and K. Bergman, "Slot Timing Considerations in Optical Packet Switching Networks," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 17 (11) 2478-2480 (Nov 2005).

A. Shacham, B. A. Small, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, K. Bergman, "A Fully Implemented 12x12 Data Vortex Optical Packet Switching Interconnection Network," Journal of Lightwave Technology 23 (10) 3066-3075 (Oct 2005).

B. A. Small, A. Shacham, K. Bergman, "Ultra-Low Latency Optical Packet Switching Node," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 17 (7) 1564-1566 (Jul 2005).

P. B. Chu, I. Brener, C. Pu, S. Lee, J. I. Dadap, S. Park, K. Bergman et al., "Design and Nonlinear Servo Control of MEMS Mirrors and Their Performance in Large Port-Count Optical Switch," Journal of Micromechanical Systems 14 (2) (Apr 2005).

2004

B. A. Small, A. Shacham, K. Bergman, K. Athikulwongse, C. Hawkins, D. S. Wills, "Emulation of Realistic Network Traffic Patterns on an Eight-Node Data Vortex Interconnection Network Subsystem," Journal of Optical Networking 3 (11) 802-809 (Nov 2004).

W. Lu, B. A. Small, J. P. Mack, L. Leng, K. Bergman, "Optical Packet Routing and Virtual Buffering in an Eight-Node Data Vortex Switching Fabric," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 16 (8) 1981-1983 (Sep 2004).

W. Lu, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, B. A. Small, K. Bergman, "Cascading Switching Nodes in Data Vortex Optical Packet Interconnection Network," IEEE Electronics Letters 40 (14) 895-896 (Jul 8, 2004).

2003

J. I. Dadap, P. B. Chu, I. Brener, C. Pu, C. D. Lee, K. Bergman, et al., "Modular MEMS-Based Optical Cross-Connect with Large Port-Count," IEEE Photonic Technology Letters 15 1773 (2003).

2002

Q. Yang and K. Bergman, "Performances of the Data Vortex Switch Architecture Under Nonuniform and Bursty Traffic," Journal of Lightwave Technology 20 (8) 1242-1247 (Aug 2002).

Q. Yang and K. Bergman, "Traffic Control and WDM Routing in the Data Vortex Packet Switch," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 14 (2) 236-238 (Feb 2002).

J. M. Roth, K. Dreyer, B. C. Collings, W. H. Knox, and K. Bergman, "Actively modelocked 1.5um, 10 GHz picosecond fiber laser using a monolithic semiconductor optical amplifier/electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photonic Technology Letters 14 917 (2002).

C. Xu, J. M. Roth, W. H. Knox and K. Bergman, "Ultra-sensitive autocorrelation of 1.5um light with single photon counting silicon avalanche photodiode," Electronic Letters 38 (2) 86 (2002).

J. M. Roth, N. H. Bonadeo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, "Polarisation-maintaining, harmonically modelocked soliton fibre laser with repetition rate stabilisation using optical pumping of saturable Bragg reflector," Electronics Letters 38 (1) 16 (2002).

2001

Q. Yang, K. Bergman, G. D. Hughes, F. G. Johnson, "WDM Packet Routing for High-Capacity Data Networks," Journal of Lightwave Technology 19 (10) 1420-1426 (Oct 2001).

K. Bergman, "Ultra-high capacity MEMS based optical cross-connects [invited]," Proceedings of the SPIE, Design, Test, Integration, and Packaging of MEMS/MOEMS, DTIP 4408 (2) (2001).

2000

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, and K. Bergman, "Polarization locked vector solitons and axis instability in optical fiber," Chaos 10 613 (2000).

N. H. Bonadeo, W. H. Knox, J. M. Roth, and K. Bergman, "Passive harmonic modelocked soliton fiber laser stabilized using an optically pumped saturable Bragg reflector," Optics Letters 25 1421 (2000).

Q. Yang, M. F. Arend, G. D. Hughes, F. G. Johnson, and K. Bergman, "WDM/TDM optical-packet-switched network for supercomputing," Proceedings of the SPIE 555 4089 (2000).

S. Sears, M. Solijacic, M. Segev, D. Krylov, and K. Bergman, "Cantor set fractals from solitons," Physical Review Letters 84 1902 (2000).

B. C. Collings, S. T. Cundiff, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, "Polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser: experiment," Journal of the Optical Society of America B 17 354 (2000).

J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. N. Akhmediev, B. C. Collings, S. T. Cundiff, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, "Polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser: theory," Journal of the Optical Society of America B 17 366 (2000).

1999

B. Mikulla, L. Leng, S. Sears, B.C. Collings, M. Arend, and K. Bergman, "Broadband high repetition rate source for spectrally slice WDM," Photonics Technology Letters 11 418 (1999).

K. C. Neumann, E. H. Chadd, G. F. Liu, K. Bergman, and S. M. Block, "Characterization of photodamage in optical traps," Journal of Biophysics 77 2856 (1999).

D. Krylov, L. Leng, K. Bergman, J. C. Bronski, and J. N. Kutz, "Observation of the break-up of pre-chirped N-soliton pulses in an optical fiber," Optics Letters 24 (17) 1191 (1999).

M. Solijacic, S. Sears, M. Segev, D, Krylov, and K. Bergman, "Self-similarity and fractals driven by soliton dynamics," Photonics Science News 5 3 (1999).

D. Krylov and K. Bergman, and Y. Lai, "Photon number squeezing in the normal dispersion regime," Optics Letters 24 774 (1999).

B. Mikulla, L. Leng, S. Sears, B. C. Collings, M. Arend, and K. Bergman, "Broadband high repetition rate source for spectrally slice WDM," Photonics Technology Letters 11 418 (1999).

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, L. Boivin, M. C. Nuss, K. Bergman, W. H. Knox, and S. G. Evagelides, "Propagation of highly chirped pulses in fiber optic communications systems," IEEE Journal of Lightwave Technology 17 811 (1999).

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, "Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in optical fiber," Physical Review Letters 82 (20) 3988 (1999).

1998

D. Krylov and K. Bergman, "Amplitude soliton squeezing using asymmetric Sagnac fiber loop," Quantum Communications and Measurement, Plenum Press, New York (1998).

K. Bergman, B. C. Collings, J. N. Kutz, and W. H. Knox, "Multi-gigahertz femtosecond fiber lasers by passive modelocking [invited paper]," SPIE Optical Engineering Press, M. Digonnet and F. Ouellette editors 3542 (2) (1998).

D. Krylov and K. Bergman, "Amplitude squeezed solitons from an asymmetric fiber interferometer," Optics Letters 23 1390 (1998).

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, "Stabilized pulse spacing in soliton lasers due to gain depletion and recovery," IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics 34 1749 (1998).

B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, "Stable multigigahertz pulse-train formation in a short-cavity passively harmonic mode-locked erbium/ytterbium fiber laser," Optics Letters 23 123 (1998).

1997

B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, "True fundamental solitons in a passively modelocked short cavity Cr+4:YAG laser," Optics Letters 22 1098 (1997).

J. N. Kutz, K. Bergman, S. Tsuda, S. Cundiff, W. H. Knox, P. Holmes, and M. I. Weinstein, "Modeling pulse dynamics in a fiber laser with saturable Bragg reflector," Journal of the Optical Society of America B 14 2681 (1997).

S. D. Koehler, L. Leng, J. N. Kutz, and K. Bergman, "Ultrafast switching in highly birefringent fiber via soliton-soliton collisions," Optics Communications 141 265 (1997).

L. Leng, S. D. Koehler, J. N. Kutz, and K. Bergman, "Low-latency, ultrafast fiber loop mirror switch using orthogonally polarized signal and control solitons," Trends in Optics and Photonics 13 57 (1997).

B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, "A passive harmonically modelocked multi-gigahertz Cr+4:YAG laser with optically phase-locked fundamental solitons," Trends in Optics and Photonics 13 14 (1997).

J. N. Kutz, S. D. Koehler, L. Leng, and K. Bergman, "Analytic study of orthogonally polarized solitons interaction in highly birefringent optical fibers," Journal of the Optical Society of America B 14 636 (1997).

B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, S. T. Cundiff, S. Tsuda, J. N. Kutz, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, M. Koch, and W. H. Knox, "Short cavity Erbium/Ytterbium fiber lasers modelocked with a saturable Bragg reflector," IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 3 1065 (1997).

1996

K. Bergman, S. D. Koehler, J. N. Kutz, and P. R. Prucnal, "Fiber optic modules for high speed interconnects [invited paper]," IEEE-LEOS News (Feb 1996).

B. C. Collings, S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, J. B. Stark, and K. Bergman, "Saturable Bragg reflector modelocking of Cr+4:YAG laser pumped by diode-pumped Nd:YVO4," Optics Letters 21 1171 (1996).

J. D. Moores, K. Bergman, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Demonstration of Optical Switching by Means of Solitary Wave Collisions in a Fiber Ring Reflector," Selected Papers on Photonic Switching, A. Marrakchi, ed., Vol. MS 121, SPIE Optical Engineering Press (1996).

S. W. Seo, K. Bergman, and P. R. Prucnal, "Transparent optical networks with time-division multiplexing [invited paper]," IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications 14 1039 (1996).

1995

K. Bergman, "Pulsed squeezing in optical fibers [invited paper]," IEEE-LEOS News (Jun 1995).

L. Boivin, C. R. Doerr, K. Bergman, and H. A. Haus, "Quantum noise reduction using a nonlinear Sagnac loop with positive dispersion [book chapter]," Quantum Communications and Measurement, Plenum Press, New York (1995).

1994

K. Bergman, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and M. Shirasaki, "Squeezing in a Fiber Interferometer with a GHz Pump," Optics Letters 19 290 (1994).

1993

K. Bergman, C. R. Doerr, H. A. Haus, and M. Shirasaki, "Sub-Shot-Noise Measurement with Fiber-Squeezed Optical Pulses," Optics Letters 18 643 (1993).

M. Shirasaki, H. A. Haus, K. Bergman, and C. R. Doerr, "Quantum noise suppression in an optical interferometric system using optical squeezing," Fujitsu Scientific and Technical Journal 28 289 (1993).

1992

H. A. Haus, K. Bergman, and M. Shirasaki, "Squeezing of optical pulses in fiber ring," Laser Physics 2 164 (1992).

L. Grishchuk, H. A. Haus, and K. Bergman, "Generation of Squeezed Radiation from Vacuum in the Cosmos and the Laboratory," Physical Review D 46 1440 (1992).

K. Bergman, H. A. Haus, and M. Shirasaki, "Analysis and Measurement of GAWBS Spectrum in a Nonlinear Fiber Ring," Applied Physics B 55 242 (1992).

1991

H. A. Haus, K. Bergman, and Y. Lai, "Fiber Gyro with Squeezed Radiation," Journal of the Optical Society of America B 8 1952 (1991).

J. D. Moores, K. Bergman, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Demonstration of Optical Switching by means of Solitary Wave Collisions in a Fiber Ring Reflector," Optics Letters 16 138 (1991).

K. Bergman and H. A. Haus, "Squeezing in Fibers with Optical Pulses," Optics Letters 16 663 (1991).

J. D. Moores, K. Bergman, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Optical Switching using Fiber Ring Reflectors," Journal of the Optical Society of America B 8 594 (1991).